Bizarre but beautiful birds to get £244,000 home improvements

Project Name
Upper Ray Meadows, Bucks- Wetland Restoration Project
Project Type
Conservation & Natural Environment
Our Funding
Total Project Cost

RARE birds and butterflies will get a £244,000 home upgrade with new pools, security cameras and anti-predator fencing on the Oxfordshire/ Buckinghamshire border.

Berkshire, Buckinghamshire & Oxfordshire Wildlife Trust (BBOWT) is creating bespoke habitat for endangered curlews and other birds at its Gallows Bridge Farm nature reserve.

The charity also making the site more accessible and putting up new educational display boards to attract more visitors to the avian haven near Bicester.

The project, which will also benefit other ground-nesting birds such as skylarks, meadow pipits and yellow wagtails, has been made possible by a grant from the FCC Communities Foundation.

Mark Vallance, BBOWT Land Manager, said:
"The curlew is one of our most bizarre and beautiful birds: it has this iconic, downward-curved beak, and it makes a famous 'cur-lee' cry. This bird used to be seen in fields and fens across England, but sadly, over the past hundred years, the number of curlew has plummeted, largely because of changes in the way we farm and huge development of the countryside, and they are now on the conservation red list.

"We are facing a nature and climate crisis in the UK, and we urgently need to take action. That is why BBOWT has pledged to create more nature everywhere across our region which will benefit wildlife, people and climate. This project, generously funded by the FCC Communities Foundation, is a perfect example of that work, and we can't wait to get started."

BBOWT has seen curlews nest at Gallows Bridge Farm for years, but their numbers are limited by predators. Now the Trust will be able to create bespoke habitats to allow the birds to breed in safety.

The team will start by creating 30 new pools called ‘scrapes’ which curlews can bathe and feed in. Overwintering wildfowl such as wigeon, teal, snipe and golden plover will also benefit from the wetland, along with insects such as dragonflies.

Officers will then cut back or ‘coppice’ huge amounts of hedgerow: this will create a more open habitat that curlews prefer because there are fewer places for birds of prey to perch and nest. This work will also benefit one of Britain's rarest butterflies – the brown hairstreak – which will lay its eggs on new shoots as the hedges grow back.

Elsewhere, new anti-predator fences will create enclosed nesting areas where foxes and badgers can’t reach other vulnerable ground-nesting birds. These areas will be perfect for two threatened species - the lapwing, which has iridescent wings and a striking black crest on its head, and the redshank which has bright orange legs.

Finally, when nesting season comes around, the Trust is planning to work with volunteers from the Upper Thames Waders Group and use night-vision cameras to see how the breeding birds are getting on and exactly what threats they are facing.

Pictured below is a Curlew at the reserve.